According to Breuch (2004), teachers need to understand clearly whether they wish students to engage only in peer review or in collaborative writing. Peer review alone involves different technologies as well as different pedagogical approaches:

Collaborative writing involves coauthorship, and technologies can facilitate the generation of text from multiple authors quite well. However, virtual peer review is not the same as coauthorship. Rather, feedback and interaction from peers in virtual peer review is directed toward the purpose of providing responses and suggestions to an author, not for contributing text that will be assimilated into an author’s draft. Thus, it could be said that electronic collaborative writing includes virtual peer review, but not that virtual peer review always includes collaborative writing. (Breuch, 2004, p. 14)


Breuch, L. K. (2004). Virtual peer review: teaching and learning about writing in online environments. Albany: State University of New York, Albany.